Cannabis is a complex plant that contains hundreds of chemical compounds, including cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. While cannabinoids like THC and CBD have been well-studied and are known to have significant effects on the body, terpenes are a lesser-known group of compounds that have been found to have their own unique therapeutic benefits. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at 10 facts you need to know about cannabis terpenes.
- What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are a class of organic compounds found in plants that give them their characteristic aroma and flavor. In the case of cannabis, terpenes are produced by the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD. Terpenes are responsible for the distinct smell of cannabis strains and play a significant role in the plant’s therapeutic effects.
- Types of Terpenes Found in Cannabis
There are over 100 different terpenes found in the cannabis plant, each with its own unique scent and therapeutic properties. Some of the most common terpenes found in cannabis include:
Myrcene is one of the most abundant terpenes found in cannabis and is known for its sedative and relaxing effects. It is also found in other plants like mango, hops, and thyme.
Limonene is a terpene that is commonly found in citrus fruits and is known for its mood-enhancing and stress-relieving properties. It has a citrusy aroma and is commonly found in strains like Super Lemon Haze.
Pinene is a terpene that has a piney aroma and is commonly found in coniferous trees like pine and fir. It has been found to have anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator effects and may help improve memory and focus.
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Caryophyllene is a terpene that has a spicy aroma and is commonly found in black pepper, cloves, and cinnamon. It has been found to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects and may also help alleviate anxiety.
Linalool is a terpene that has a floral aroma and is commonly found in lavender and other flowers. It has been found to have sedative and anti-anxiety effects and may help promote relaxation.
Humulene is a terpene that has a hoppy aroma and is commonly found in hops, sage, and ginseng. It has been found to have anti-inflammatory and appetite suppressant effects and may also have anti-tumor properties.
- Terpenes and the Entourage Effect
The entourage effect is a term used to describe the synergistic effects of all the compounds found in the cannabis plant, including cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. Terpenes play a significant role in the entourage effect and may help enhance the therapeutic benefits of cannabinoids like THC and CBD.
- How to Use Terpenes
Terpenes can be found in a variety of cannabis products, including oils, tinctures, and edibles. Some products are specifically formulated to contain higher levels of certain terpenes, allowing users to target specific effects. Terpenes can also be found in essential oils and can be used for aromatherapy or added to lotions and other skincare products.
In conclusion, terpenes are a fascinating and important group of compounds found in the cannabis plant that have their own unique therapeutic benefits. Understanding the different types of terpenes and how they work together with cannabinoids can help users make